William Charles Stemp

M, b. 1889
Reference1826
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     William Charles Stemp was born in 1889 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1891 census in Palmers Cross, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.3 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England. William was a domestic gardener.4

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1889/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 147.
  2. [S41891] UK Census 1891 (RG12) - 5 April 1891 RG12 Piece 573 Folio 115 Page 4.
  3. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  4. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

Frederick James Stemp

M, b. 1891, d. 22 September 1916
Reference1827
Last Edited14 Jul 2018
     Frederick James Stemp was born in 1891 in Grafham, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1891 census in Palmers Cross, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.3 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England. Frederick was a general labourer.4 He died on 22 September 1916 He was a Gunner with 18th Seiger Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery. Army no. 49893 and was killed in action his battery was equipped with 2 x 12 inch railway guns.5 He is also remembered on Grafham War Memorial.5 He was buried in Peronne Road Cemetery, Maricourt, France, in grave I D 41.5

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1891/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 145.
  2. [S41891] UK Census 1891 (RG12) - 5 April 1891 RG12 Piece 573 Folio 115 Page 4.
  3. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  4. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.
  5. [S1] Wonersh History Society Archives They Gave their Today - www.theygavetheirtoday.com/grafham.html.

Charles Stemp

M
Reference1828
Last Edited5 Nov 2018

Family

Child

Sources

  1. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.

Florence Emily Stemp

F, b. 1893
Reference1829
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Florence Emily Stemp was born in 1893 in Wonersh, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1893/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 159.
  2. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.

Alfred Henry Stemp

M, b. 1895
Reference1830
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Alfred Henry Stemp was born in 1895 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England. Alfred was a garden and house lad.3

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1895/Q4 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 144.
  2. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  3. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

Edith Sarah Stemp

F, b. 1898
Reference1831
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Edith Sarah Stemp was born in 1898 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.3

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1898/Q3 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 154.
  2. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  3. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

Evelyn Annie Stemp

F, b. 1901
Reference1832
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Evelyn Annie Stemp was born in 1901 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.3

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1901/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 155.
  2. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  3. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

Fielder Field1

M, b. 1866, d. 1896
Reference1833
Last Edited20 Nov 2018
     Fielder Field was born in 1866 in Bramley, Surrey, England.2 He married Emily Durrant, daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer, on 30 January 1892 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England, after the banns had been read. The ceremony was witnessed by A Manfield and Mary Field. Fielder was a labourer like his father John. Emily's father William Durrant was also a labourer. Both Fielder and Emily gave their address as Grafham.3,4 He died in 1896 in Guildford, Surrey, England.1,5

Family

Emily Durrant b. 1868, d. 1955
Children

Sources

  1. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.
  2. [S3] GRO Indexes 1866/Q3 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 124.
  3. [S3] GRO Indexes 1892/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 179.
  4. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.
  5. [S3] GRO Indexes 1896/Q4 Guildford Volume 2a Page 66 age 30.

Emily Durrant

F, b. 1868, d. 1955
Reference1834
Last Edited20 Nov 2018
     Emily Durrant was born in 1868 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer.2 She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.3 She was the daughter of William Durrant in the 1881 census in 1 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England. Emily was housekeeping.4 She married Fielder Field on 30 January 1892 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England, after the banns had been read. The ceremony was witnessed by A Manfield and Mary Field. Fielder was a labourer like his father John. Emily's father William Durrant was also a labourer. Both Fielder and Emily gave their address as Grafham.5,6 Her husband Fielder died in 1896 in Guildford, Surrey, England.2,7 She was listed as head of household in the 1911 census in Rushett Common, Grafham, Surrey, England. Emily was living with her sons. Both were domestic garden lads.8 She married Charles Miles on 15 April 1911 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England, after the banns had been read. The ceremony was witnessed by one of Emily's sons Fielder John Field and Lucy Alice Bennett. Charles was a labourer like his father William Miles. Emily was a nurse and her father William Durrant was a labourer. Both Charles and Emily gave their addresses as Grafham.9,6 She died in 1955 in Surrey, England.10

Family 1

Fielder Field b. 1866, d. 1896
Children

Family 2

Charles Miles b. c 1869

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1868/Q! Hambledon Volume 2a Page 127.
  2. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.
  3. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.
  4. [S41881] UK Census 1881 (RG11) - 3 April 1881 RG11 Piece 793 Folio 55 Page 5.
  5. [S3] GRO Indexes 1892/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 179.
  6. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.
  7. [S3] GRO Indexes 1896/Q4 Guildford Volume 2a Page 66 age 30.
  8. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN313.
  9. [S3] GRO Indexes 1911/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 323.
  10. [S3] GRO Indexes 1955/Q1 Surrey South Western Volume 5g Page 1081 age 87.

Fielder John Field

M, b. 1892
Reference1835
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Fielder John Field was born in 1892 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Fielder Field and Emily Durrant. He was baptised on 11 December 1892 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England.2 He was the nephew of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.3 He was the son of Emily Field in the 1911 census in Rushett Common, Grafham, Surrey, England. He was a domestic garden lad.4 He witnessed the marriage of Charles Miles and Emily Field on 15 April 1911 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England.5,6

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1892/Q4 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 138.
  2. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Baptisms, 1813-1912.
  3. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  4. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN313.
  5. [S3] GRO Indexes 1911/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 323.
  6. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.

Arthur William Field

M, b. 1895
Reference1836
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Arthur William Field was born in 1895 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Fielder Field and Emily Durrant. He was the nephew of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1901 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2 He was the son of Emily Field in the 1911 census in Rushett Common, Grafham, Surrey, England. He was a domestic garden lad.3

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1895/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 157.
  2. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 619 Folio 39 Page 44.
  3. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN313.

Ellen Ada Stemp

F, b. 1903
Reference1837
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Ellen Ada Stemp was born in 1903 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1903/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 159.
  2. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

George Arthur Stemp

M, b. 1906
Reference1838
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     George Arthur Stemp was born in 1906 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. He was the son of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1906/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 179.
  2. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

Margaret Alice Stemp

F, b. 1909
Reference1839
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Margaret Alice Stemp was born in 1909 in Bramley, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Jackman. She was the daughter of Charles Stemp and Sarah Stemp in the 1911 census in Rooks Hill, Bramley, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1909/Q4 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 169.
  2. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3158 RG78PN117 RD35 SD2 ED2 SN321.

William Durrant1

M, b. circa 1833, d. 1896
Reference1840
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     William Durrant was born circa 1833 in Bramley, Surrey, England. He was the son of Charles Durrant. He married Caroline Collyer on 2 April 1859 in St Mary the Virgin, Shalford, Surrey, England, after the banns had been reead. The ceremony was witnessed by Henry Collyer and Olive Watson. William was a labourer like his father Charles Durant. Caroline's father Henry Collyer was also a labourer.1,2,3,4 He was listed as head of household in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England. William was a labourer on the roads living with his wife and daughters.5 His wife Caroline died in 1875 in Guildford, Surrey, England.6 He was listed as head of household in the 1881 census in 1 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England. William was a road labourer living with three of his children.7 He died in 1896 in Hambledon, Surrey, England.8

Family

Caroline Collyer b. c 1835, d. 1875
Children

Sources

  1. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.
  2. [S3] GRO Indexes 1859/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 153.
  3. [S7] Ancestry England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973.
  4. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.
  5. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.
  6. [S3] GRO Indexes 1875/Q4 Guildford Volume 2a Page 49 age 40.
  7. [S41881] UK Census 1881 (RG11) - 3 April 1881 RG11 Piece 793 Folio 55 Page 5.
  8. [S3] GRO Indexes 1896/Q1 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 90 age 63.

Charles Miles

M, b. circa 1869
Reference1841
Last Edited5 Mar 2016
     Charles Miles was born circa 1869. He married Emily Field, daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer, on 15 April 1911 in St Andrew, Grafham, Surrey, England, after the banns had been read. The ceremony was witnessed by one of Emily's sons Fielder John Field and Lucy Alice Bennett. Charles was a labourer like his father William Miles. Emily was a nurse and her father William Durrant was a labourer. Both Charles and Emily gave their addresses as Grafham.1,2

Family

Emily Durrant b. 1868, d. 1955

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1911/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 323.
  2. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.

Caroline Collyer1

F, b. circa 1835, d. 1875
Reference1842
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Caroline Collyer was born circa 1835 in Woking, Surrey, England. She married William Durrant, son of Charles Durrant, on 2 April 1859 in St Mary the Virgin, Shalford, Surrey, England, after the banns had been reead. The ceremony was witnessed by Henry Collyer and Olive Watson. William was a labourer like his father Charles Durant. Caroline's father Henry Collyer was also a labourer.1,2,3,4 She was the wife of William Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England. William was a labourer on the roads living with his wife and daughters.5 She died in 1875 in Guildford, Surrey, England.6 She was buried on 19 December 1875 in St Mary the Virgin, Shalford, Surrey, England.7

Family

William Durrant b. c 1833, d. 1896
Children

Sources

  1. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.
  2. [S3] GRO Indexes 1859/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 153.
  3. [S7] Ancestry England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973.
  4. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Marriages, 1754-1937.
  5. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.
  6. [S3] GRO Indexes 1875/Q4 Guildford Volume 2a Page 49 age 40.
  7. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Church of England Burials, 1813-1987.

Charles Durrant1

M
Reference1843
Last Edited5 Nov 2018

Family

Child

Sources

  1. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.

Mary Ann Durrant

F, b. 1861
Reference1844
Last Edited15 May 2016
     Mary Ann Durrant was born in 1861 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1861/Q3 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 109.
  2. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.

Charlotte Durrant

F, b. circa 1861
Reference1845
Last Edited5 Nov 2018
     Charlotte Durrant was born circa 1861 in Shalford, Surrey, England. She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She married James Nye in 1879 in Hambledon, Surrey, England.2,3 She was the wife of James Nye in the 1891 census in 10 Lawnsmead, Wonersh, Surrey, England. James was a tanners labourer living with his wife and children.4 She was the wife of James Nye in the 1901 census in 2 Lawnsmead, Wonersh, Surrey, England. James was a tanner living with his wife and children, there was a boarder William Bucknell.5 She was the wife of James Nye in the 1911 census in Rushcroft Farm, Artington, Surrey, England. James was a wood dealer living with his wife and children. There was a boarder, George Avenell a 28 year old carman.6 Her husband James died in 1924 in Rushcroft Farm, Artington, Surrey, England.7,8 She received the probate of the estate of James Nye on 5 January 1925 Administration papers were issued in London to his widow Charlotte. His effects were valued at £227 4s 0d.8

Family

James Nye b. c 1856, d. 1924
Children

Sources

  1. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.
  2. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.
  3. [S3] GRO Indexes 1879/Q4 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 234.
  4. [S41891] UK Census 1891 (RG12) - 5 April 1891 RG12 Piece 573 Folio 82 Page 13.
  5. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 620 Folio 70 Page 10.
  6. [S41911] UK Census 1911 (RG14) - 2 April 1911 RG14PN3084 RG78PN110 RD33 SD4 ED18 SN55.
  7. [S3] GRO Indexes 1924/Q4 Guildford Volume 2a Page 141 age 67.
  8. [S7] Ancestry England & Wales, National Probate Calendar (Index of Wills and Administrations), 1858-1966.

Sarah Durrant

F, b. 1864
Reference1846
Last Edited5 Mar 2016
     Sarah Durrant was born in 1864 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1864/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 111.
  2. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.

Harriett Durrant

F, b. 1865
Reference1847
Last Edited5 Mar 2016
     Harriett Durrant was born in 1865 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1865/Q4 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 110.
  2. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.

Alice Durrant

F, b. 1870
Reference1848
Last Edited5 Mar 2016
     Alice Durrant was born in 1870 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 She was the daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. She was a daughter of William Durrant and Caroline Durrant in the 1871 census in 7 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.2 She was the daughter of William Durrant in the 1881 census in 1 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.3

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1870/Q2 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 122.
  2. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 66 Page 7.
  3. [S41881] UK Census 1881 (RG11) - 3 April 1881 RG11 Piece 793 Folio 55 Page 5.

Charles Durrant

M, b. 1872
Reference1849
Last Edited27 Jun 2017
     Charles Durrant was born in 1872 in Shalford, Surrey, England.1 He was the son of William Durrant and Caroline Collyer. He was the son of William Durrant in the 1881 census in 1 Trunley Heath, Shalford, Surrey, England.2

Sources

  1. [S3] GRO Indexes 1872/Q3 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 126.
  2. [S41881] UK Census 1881 (RG11) - 3 April 1881 RG11 Piece 793 Folio 55 Page 5.

Eliza Frogley

F, b. circa 1831
Reference1850
Last Edited20 Nov 2018
     Eliza Frogley was born circa 1831 in Chilworth, Surrey, England. She married William Durrant, son of Humphrey Durrant and Sarah Taylor, on 18 July 1857 in St John the Baptist, Wonersh, Surrey, England, after the banns had been read. The ceremony was witnessed by James Holland and Elizabeth Durrant. William was a labourer like his father Humphrey. Eliza's father James Frogley was a papermaker.1,2,3 She was the wife of William Durrant in the 1871 census in Lords Hill, Shamley Green, Surrey, England. William was an agricultural labourer living with his wife and children.4 She was the wife of William Durrant in the 1891 census in Wonersh Street, Wonersh, Surrey, England. William was an agricultural labourer living with his wife and son Edwin.5 She was listed as head of household in the 1901 census in Village, Wonersh, Surrey, England. Eliza was living with her son Edwin.6

Family

William Durrant b. c 1834
Children

Sources

  1. [S7] Ancestry England, Select Marriages, 1538–1973.
  2. [S7] Ancestry Surrey, England, Marriages, 1754-1937.
  3. [S3] GRO Indexes 1857/Q3 Hambledon Volume 2a Page 151.
  4. [S41871] UK Census 1871 (RG10) - 2 April 1871 RG10 Piece 826 Folio 102 Page 10.
  5. [S41891] UK Census 1891 (RG12) - 5 April 1891 RG12 Piece 573 Folio 77 Page 44.
  6. [S41901] UK Census 1901 (RG13) - 31 March 1901 RG13 Piece 620 Folio 67 Page 4.
  7. [S5] Based on educated guess - based on either census or GRO records.